January 17, 2015
Unit VI Part I (Chapter 12) Review Questions
1. How did the Sui and Tang reestablish a centralized empire in China? Wendi, emperor of the Sui dynasty, politically united China through marriage and conquest, Wendi had his daughter married to their opposing side so that China could be as one once more. Conquests, carried out by Wendi, were done so that the divided parts of China that had not come willingly, or joined by marriage, could be united.The Tang dynasty built upon the political and economic structure of the Sui. They did so by avoiding over centralization of China. In doing so, they wouldn't end up politically and economically imbalanced. In order to avoid the over centralization of the people of the newly unified China, they allowed some local people and religious establishments much power.
2. What institutions did the Tang use to govern their empires? The Tang used the institution of bureaucracy and the institution of the scholar gentry examinations. In utilising the scholar gentry examinations, they allowed for an educated class to exist, as well as truly qualified people to enter the world of politics. The scholar gentry were the well educated officials that governed the vast empire. The institution of bureaucracy allowed for a sense of unity to establish with the newly unified China. 3. Identify NeoConfucianism; how did it influence Chinese culture and the state? NeoConfucianism was the new rising interpretation of Confucian thought, caused by Zhu Ji (1130 1200 CE). NeoConfucianism stressed the importance of applying Confucian theory to everyday life. In doing so, it invoked the creation and application of ethics in Chinese thoughts,
as well as achieving a high education and great wisdom. The Chinese culture began to look with favour upon those who had received much knowledge and appeared wise. The Chinese state also ...
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