Television & VCR/DVD’s have changed dramatically over the years
How has television changed over the last 60 years? This question can be answered in a variety of different ways ranging from the technological changes and advances it has gone through to the question of whether it has any type of effects on the way people perceive it, or if society is manipulated by what they see on television. This report will hopefully uncover and discover television how it was then until how it is now. Television broadcasting was first introduced in 1936 when it was available in London. Philo T. Farnsworth, Vladimir Zwarykin, Charles Jenkins and John Baird all were a part of the inventing of the television. Zworykin used a small piece of technology called cathode ray tube (CRT) in the receiver. Although seen as primitive compared to modern television advancements like plasma and LCD, the CRT is still used on TV’s today. Naturally the availability of what we have today was unthought-of and in most cases seemed impossible, but most television sets were capable of providing at least up to four basic channels. However, these channels were only received clearly in larger cities. It was very difficult for television signals to pass through the mountains and rural areas. In order to resolve the problem what is known as cable television was introduced in 1948. The purpose of cable television was to be able to bring existing broadcast signals to rural areas with community antennas placed at high elevations, usually on mountains or on top of tall poles. Since the invention of cable television, it has grown rapidly. USA Today and Nielson Media Research say that the average Americans home has 2.71 televisions and 2.55 people that live in the home. According to George Gerbner “TV is a world in which men outnumber women at least three to one”. (115) there are more televisions in the average home than there are people. In 1960’s people got more information from their televisions then they did from the newspapers, as in today’s world not many people even read the newspaper anymore because they all watch the news on the television or they search the internet. Plasma and LCD were in the experimental stages in the 90’s and standard CRT televisions still lead the market. How televisions now have additional features like picture in picture, sleep timers and parent controls. It is estimated that 75 million people watched the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan show either in groups of friends or with the family or at the neighbor’s house because not everyone had a television to watch at that time. The Vietnam war is the first conflict to be televised, that many people were interested in watching because they had many loved one that were in the war that had no idea what had happen in that time. 1970 Sesame Street was shown on the televisions to the children, and still to this day it is being aired for the children to watch 40 years later even though it is not as popular now as it was then. The show’s “All in the family” and “MASH” are the two most popular evening shows that people watched in the 1970’s and even today. The shows that have not been made new but have been played the same for many of years is “The Crosby Show”, “Roseanne” and “Married with Children” were big hits 20 years ago and still are today. Reality shows took over the airwaves and TV became interactive, like for example when “American Idol” started they wanted the world to interact by calling the number and voting for your favorite performer. A 30 second ad during “American Idol” costs about 750,000 dollars to play on the air. In the early 1970’s they never had commercials.
The First direct broadcast satellite television was launched in 1972. Today, cable still continues to advance with new developments with satellites. There are over 300 different channels available to cable subscribers ranging from 24 hour music channels, 24 hour movie channels, and 24 hour news channels. In addition to...
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