My View on the Comparison of English Gentlemen and Chinese Junzi 03100322 10英三 曹雯雯
It is no doubt that there exits a lot of similarities between English culture and Chinese culture, obviously , the topic I want to discuss today , the comparison of English gentlemen and Chinese Junzi , can be regarded as an good example. Meanwhile, the distinctions between cannot be easily neglected . In contrast, through the overall analysis and understanding of the two standards which represent the man’s noble character , can we successfully seeking common points while reserving differences , so that learn to improve our own personality.
First of all , let us know the basic definition of them .In modern speech the term gentleman (from Latin gentilis, belonging to a race or gens, and man, the Italiangentil uomo or gentiluomo and the Portuguese gentil-homem) refers to any man of good, courteous conduct. It may also refer to all men collectively, as in indications of gender-separated facilities, or as a sign of the speaker's own courtesy when addressing others. In its original meaning, the term denoted a man of the lowest rank of the English gentry, standing below anesquire and above a yeoman. By definition, this category included the younger sons of the younger sons of peersand the younger sons of baronets (after this honour's institution in 1611), knights, and esquires in perpetual succession, and thus the term captures the common denominator of gentility (and often armigerousness) shared by both constituents of the English aristocracy: the peerage and the gentry. In this sense, the word equates with the French gentilhomme ("nobleman"), which latter term has been, in Great Britain, long confined to the peerage;Maurice Keen points to the category of "gentlemen" in this context as thus constituting "the nearest contemporary English equivalent of the noblesse of France As for the Chinese Junzi , the The term Jūnzǐ (君子) is a term crucial to classical Confucianism. Literally meaning "son of a ruler", "prince" or "noble", the ideal of a "gentleman", "proper man", "exemplary person", or "perfect man" is that for which Confucianism exhorts all people to strive. A succinct description of the "perfect man" is one who "combine[s] the qualities of saint, scholar, and gentleman" (CE). (In modern times, the masculine bias in Confucianism may have weakened, but the same term is still used; the masculine translation in English is also traditional and still frequently used.) A hereditary elitism was bound up with the concept, and gentlemen were expected to act as moral guides to the rest of society. They were to: cultivate themselves morally;
participate in the correct performance of ritual;
show filial piety and loyalty where these are due; and
1. The similarities between English gentlemen and Chinese Junzi .
Gentleman's culture and Junzi’s culture can be transmitted from through successive generations as the ideal character ,the leading ethics in advocating pure goodness, abandoning odiousness and ugliness ,these aspects are often coincide, there are many similarities between them, which can be reflected in the following points.
I .Benevolence. Wisdom,Braveness
Benevolence, can be regarded as the highest ethnical standard of Junzi character in Confucianism, and also become the highest moral code of the Confucian ideal character . When it comes to English gentlemen, they are full of caring and kindness, and almost all of them are keen on public welfares. For the wisdom, another point that Junzi must own is “the wise man has no perplexity ,’although nobody can control what happened in the outside world, when Junzi are confronted with numerous choices and confusions ,they can strengthen their ability of decision making and make themselves become wise men.It is wide acknowledged that they are well-educated , well-versed in social etiquette , well-mannered .know how to speak properly in...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document