Mass Com Children And Television XP1

Topics: Television, Television program, Television programming Pages: 11 (2681 words) Published: March 18, 2015

Children and Television: A lethal combination
Kah’leah Carnegie
Professor Chris Saunders
The College of the Bahamas
October 30, 2014
Abstract
A Television is said to be a box filled with a million images that pilots to an entire different world. Television has become one of the most increasingly important mass media around the world. Television is a way of sending and receiving moving images and sounds over wires or through the air by electrical impulses. The television main purpose is to entertain, teach, and influence a variety of people at all different age groups. Is children exposure to television indeed a lethal combination? Does Television promote aggressive behavior? Can stereotypes be formed from watching television? This paper is inclusive to answers of all the following questions along with many others. With exposure and access to all content of a different world never seen before, it may be debated whether children’s exposure to the medium television is essentially a lethal combination. Keywords: children, television, lethal

Children and Television: A lethal combination
Brief History Of Television
Television as what we know today, has completely transitioned compared to when it was first introduced in 1927. Long before its existence, families would gather around and listen to sitcoms on radios. Television has become an essential part of homes in the modern world that one may find it hard to imagine life without it. According to Mitchell Stephens in the article History of Television, the author explains before 1947 the number of U.S homes that had a television could be measured in the thousands, it wasn’t until the late 1990’s that at least 98 percent of U.S homes had television set that usually stayed on for seven hours a day. According to the article Cable Bahamas: Living up to promises, the author Philip Galanis states that before television was introduced to the Bahamas in the 1950’s and the 1960’s, radio broadcasts and movie theaters were the only source of being entertained and obtaining news. Television did not only replace radios for many, it changed Bahamian family life that had been centered around the transmission of Bahamian culture from one generation to another. On September 27th, 1927, electronic television was successfully demonstrated in San Francisco by a 21 year old inventor by the name of Philo Taylor Fransworth in which lived in a house with no electricity until the age of 14. Philo Fransworth started by creating a system that could capture moving images that could be coded onto radio waves and transformed back to a picture on a screen. There were other inventions prior to Fransworth’s invention. Nevertheless, Fransworth’s invention which scanned images with a beam of electrons is the direct ancestor of modern television. (Stephens, 2001)

How Children Learn
Children are naturally curious of cause and effect and they gather information by observing and experiencing the world. Children display a remarkable intuition, and by observing the actions of other people they can conclude fundamental motivations, desires and preferences. Social Cognitive Theory is the idea that people learn through observation and applying it to mass media, especially television. The Social Cognitive Theory disputes that people replica the behaviors they see and that modeling happens in two ways. The first is imitation, the direct replication of an observed behavior. The example presented is the cartoon Tom and Jerry. After a child views the cartoon cat Tom hit cartoon mouse Jerry with a stick, that child might hit his sibling with a stick. The second form of modeling is identification, a special form in which observers do not copy exactly what they have seen but make more generalized but related response. The example presented is the child may have the same aggression toward that sibling however dump a pail of water rather than hit that individual with a stick. (Baran, New York) Observational...
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