The Invention of Paper in China
Have you ever thought what life would be like without paper? Have you ever considered how many uses there are for paper? What about who came up with the idea for paper and where paper came from? Paper is one of those objects that we just take for granted. For our lifetimes it has always been around. We have never knows what it would be like to have to document something on anything but paper. Prior to the invention of paper, what was used to record information? If you have ever asked yourselves those questions, we have the answers. Fortunately, for us, we know that the Chinese invented the method of creating paper back around 105 A.D. Since then paper has been utilized for many purposes, some of which we would not consider to be traditional uses, like the use of paper as clothing. The purpose of this paper is to explore the origin of the technology of paper and how it has impacted the nation of China. We will examine the culture of China. We will also look at the history of paper itself. We will then determine the impact that paper has had on the culture of China. Lastly, we will look at the moral and ethical impacts that paper has had upon the Chinese. We will begin with an overview of the culture of China. China’s culture
The Chinese Civil War took place in the 1940s. It was a struggle of power between the Kuomintang-led Nationalists and the Mao-led Communists. The United States provided extensive financial support to the Nationalists but did not offer any military support. The United States had previously sent General George Catlett Marshall to China in hopes he could encourage a cease fire but he was recalled after it became obvious unarmed intervention by the U.S. would have no impact. Battles over territories and the allegiance of different segments of the Chinese population were widespread. In October 1949, the Communists defeated Kuomintang’s Nationalists and the People’s Republic of China was formed. (Chinese Civil War, 2011). The State Council and the National People’s Congress, also known as the NPC, are the two instruments of government in China. Both of these are led by the Communist Party of China, or the CPC. As established by China’s Constitution, the highest authority goes to the National People’s Congress which is responsible for making final decisions on legislation born in the State Council. (China Government, 2011). China’s government consists of three branches, including the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branch. The Executive Branch consists of the President and the Vice President of the People’s Republic of China. The National People’s Congress is responsible for electing both of these. The Legislative Branch is made up of the NPC. The NPC has 2,977 elected members who are chosen by secret ballot. The Judicial Branch is responsible for enforcing legal codes that became effective in 1980 (China Government, 2011). China’s economy experienced significant transformations beginning around 1978. During this time, the focus was to become a more open economy. The result has been noticeable around the globe. China’s economy is now second only to that of the United States and it continues to see growth. One contributing factor is the cheaper labor and low production costs which give China an advantage over other countries. Evidence of this tremendous growth can be seen in the low unemployment rate and the increasing volume of exports. (The Chinese Economy, 2011). Contrary to popular belief, education in China is not free. Children are required to attend both primary and junior middle school for a total of nine years. Tuition is free during these required years, but there costs of materials and supplies are the responsibility of the students. If a student passes examinations to gain admittance to senior middle schools or beyond, some financial assistance may be available to those experiencing financial difficulties....
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