Han Rome DBQ

Topics: Han Dynasty, Confucianism, China Pages: 5 (1361 words) Published: March 12, 2015

The attitudes that the Chinese Han dynasty and the Romans conveyed towards technology depended on the government’s views on technology and also the relationship of the government with its people and laborers, but ultimately it would benefit the people and contribute to the development of society. Technology was vital to a society because it made the decreased work for laborers significantly, as in Documents 3 and 4. Documents 1, 6, and 8 display how, in order for a society to develop, the growth of technology is essential. Document 2 shows how a government’s view on technology can influence whether or not it can be beneficial to society or not. Whether or not technology contributes to society also depends on how the state chooses to utilize it, which is expressed in Documents 5 and 7. The place in the social hierarchy the authors of the documents were from certainly was influential in how the author viewed technology. It was displayed in the tone of the writing whether it showed sympathy towards the people, spoke lowly of the people, or spoke highly of certain people who influenced technology. An additional document portraying a commoner’s attitude toward technology would be helpful to gain a wider view of the affect of technology on society. It would show whether or not the people of a state agreed with their rulers’ views on technology. Although the attitudes toward technology varied between the Han Chinese and the Romans, in the end, technology would be utilized to improve society. Technology was a way to make labor easier and more efficient. It contributes to society because easier labor allows for more production of food and agriculture. In Document 4, The History of the Early Han Dynasty tells of how Tu Shih, governor of Nanyang at about 31 C.E., was generous towards the commoners hoping to reduce their labor. He would invent a water-powered blowing-engine in order to supply the people with iron tools that would produce more with less labor. In Document 3, Huan Tuan explains how Fuxi invented the pestle and mortar, which would later on be further developed into a way that would increase its efficiency by 10 times. Production would later be increased by a hundred times by implementing the power of domesticated animals and water power. However Fuxi is said to be a mythological wise emperor. This shows the filial piety that existed in Chinese culture because it shows how the people had much respect for those above them, which in this case is Fuxi. The existence of filial piety is the result of a bureaucracy built on Confucian principles. Technology was also necessary in the development of a society. In most societies, technology was an indicator of how advanced it was. Plutarch was a Greek-born Roman citizen and high official in the first century B.C.E. Plutarch represents a result of Greco-Roman culture. He described the technological ambitions of the second-century B.C.E. Roman political leader Gaius Gracchus, specifically in road building. Gaius Gracchus was a ruler of Rome who made land reforms, breaking up latifundias and powerful families. He also attempted to preserve the republic in Rome. Roads were built throughout the country, and over streams and ravines as bridges. These roads were built with stones and packed sand, precisely detailed with equal and parallel heights on both sides of the roads. He also placed mile markers and stones to help people mount their horses (Document 6). All of these roads would lead to Rome and would play a role in the standardization and bureaucratization of legions in Rome. In Document 8, Frontinus describes the aqueducts in the cities and how they affect the advancement society. Frontinus was a Roman general, the governor of Britain, and water commissioner for Rome during the first century C.E. The water flowed into containers where it filtered out the sediment and then flowed to the city where it was used for public and private uses. The aqueducts provided an ample amount...
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