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Topics: Television, History of television, John Logie Baird Pages: 14 (3281 words) Published: December 19, 2013

John Logie Baird
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John Logie Baird
John Logie Baird00.jpg
John Logie Baird
Born14 August 1888
Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
Died14 June 1946 (aged 57)
Bexhill, Sussex, England
Resting placeBaird family grave in Helensburgh Cemetery
ResidenceScotland, England
NationalityScottish
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
EducationLarchfield Academy, Helensburgh
Alma materRoyal Technical College (now University of Strathclyde), Glasgow OccupationInventor
Businessman
OrganizationConsulting Technical Adviser, Cable & Wireless Ltd (1941-) Director, John Logie Baird Ltd
Director, Capital and Provincial Cinemas Ltd
Known forInventor of television, including the first colour television. ReligionNone (Agnostic)[1]
Spouse(s)Margaret Albu (m. 1931)
ChildrenDiana Baird and Malcolm Baird
ParentsRev John Baird, Minister, West Kirk, Helensburgh
Jessie Morrison Inglis
Notes
Member of the Physical Society (1927)
Member of the Television Society (1927)
Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1937)
John Logie Baird FRSE (/ˈloʊɡɪ bɛrd/;[2] 14 August 1888 – 14 June 1946) was a Scottish scientist, engineer, innovator and inventor of the world's first television;[3] the first publicly demonstrated colour television system; and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube. Baird's early technological successes and his role in the practical introduction of broadcast television for home entertainment have earned him a prominent place in television's history.

In 2002, Baird was ranked number 44 in the BBC's list of the "100 Greatest Britons" following a UK-wide vote.[4] In 2006, Logie Baird was also named as one of the 10 greatest Scottish scientists in history, having been listed in the National Library of Scotland's 'Scottish Science Hall of Fame'.[5][6]

Contents [hide]
1 Early years
2 Television experiments
2.1 First public demonstrations
2.2 Broadcasting
3 Other inventions
4 Later years
5 Legacy and honours
6 See also
7 References and notes
8 Further reading
9 External links
Early years[edit]

Baird was born at 8am on 14 August 1888 in Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute (then Dunbartonshire), the youngest of four children of the Reverend John Baird, the Church of Scotland's minister for the local St Bride's church and Jessie Morrison Inglis, the orphaned niece of a wealthy family of shipbuilders from Glasgow.[7]

He was educated at Larchfield Academy (now part of Lomond School) in Helensburgh; the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College (which later became the University of Strathclyde); and the University of Glasgow. His degree course was interrupted by World War I and he never returned to graduate.

Television experiments[edit]

The first known photograph of a moving image produced by Baird's "televisor", circa 1926 (The subject is Baird's business partner Oliver Hutchinson)

John Logie Baird with his "televisor", circa 1925

An early experimental television broadcast.
The development of television was the result of work by many inventors. Among them, Baird was a prominent pioneer and made major advances in the field. Particularly in Britain, many historians credit Baird with being the first to produce a live, moving, greyscale television image from reflected light. Baird achieved this, where other inventors had failed, by obtaining a better photoelectric cell and improving the signal conditioning from the photocell and the video amplifier.

Between 1902 and 1907, Arthur Korn invented and built the first successful signal-conditioning circuits for image transmission. The circuits overcame the image-destroying lag effect that is part of selenium photocells. Korn's compensation circuit allowed him to send still pictures by telephone or wireless between countries and even over oceans,...

References: Jump up ^ John Logie Baird (1888 - 1946) www.bbc.co.uk, accessed 2 June 2013
Jump up ^ "BBC – 100 great British heroes"
Jump up ^ "John Logie Baird was voted the second most popular Scottish scientist". Scottish Science Hall of Fame. National Library of Scotland. 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
Jump up ^ "John Logie Baird (1888-1946)." Scottish Science Hall of Fame. Retrieved: November 8, 2010.
Jump up ^ Terry and Elizabeth Korn. Trailblazer to Television: The Story of Arthur Korn. New York: Charles Scribner 's Sons, 1950. See preface by Austin J. Cooley, Chief Engineer, Times Facsimile Corp.
Jump up ^ Russell W. Burns, John Logie Baird: TV Pioneer. N.c.: Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2001, pp. 33-34.
Jump up ^ Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1880 to 1941, McFarland, 1987, pp. 13-15.
Jump up ^ "Pandora Archive". Pandora.nla.gov.au. 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
Jump up ^ R. F. Tiltman, How "Stereoscopic" Television is Shown, Radio News, Nov. 1928.
Jump up ^ Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1942 to 2000, McFarland & Company, 2003, pp. 13-14. ISBN 0-7864-1220-8
Jump up ^ Donald McLean 's TV Dawn website http://www.tvdawn.com/
Jump up ^ Russell Burns, John Logie Baird (N.C.: The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2001), 119.
Burns, Russell, John Logie Baird, television pioneer. London: The Institution of Electrical Engineers, 2000. ISBN 0-85296-797-7
Kamm, Antony, and Malcolm Baird, John Logie Baird: A Life
McArthur, Tom, and Peter Waddell, The Secret Life of John Logie Baird. London: Hutchinson, 1986. ISBN 0-09-158720-4.
McLean, Donald F., Restoring Baird 's Image. The Institute of Electrical Engineers, 2000. ISBN 0-85296-795-0.
Rowland, John, The Television Man: The Story of John Logie Baird. New York: Roy Publishers, 1967.
Tiltman, Ronald Frank, Baird of Television. New York: Arno Press, 1974. (Reprint of 1933 ed.) ISBN 0-405-06061-0.
Television Apparatus and the Like, US patent for Baird 's colour television system, filed 1929 (in UK, 1928).n]
"Electron Camera Shoots Television Images" Popular Mechanics, June 1935
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