Topics: Qin Dynasty, Confucius, China Pages: 2 (772 words) Published: November 5, 2014

The Zhou Dynasty (700 BC- 256 BC) collapsed when China was constantly facing war and violence. (China was in the constant state of violence and battle) The lack of social harmony destroyed this era. The Chinese believed that having traditions and customs would give the community a sense of unity. The deterioration of tradition and many other factors caused chaos and violence. Because of the political instability and warring of the Zhou Dynasty, philosophies like Confucianism and Legalism developed. Philosophers proposed ideas to create an improved and serene society through their emperor and government. They have distinctly different beliefs. Confucianism was developed by a Chinese philosopher named Kǒng Fūzǐ (551- 479 BCE), also known as Confucius. He was a knowledgeable man who thought about how people should live, how righteousness (Li) can be achieved and how the society or government should be structured. The Analects of Confucius explains how men can become a gentlemen. If a man follows the rules of Confucius and completes all his duties of his status, he could influence others in society to be honorable, hardworking, honest, and just. A gentleman said, “Feels bad when his capabilities fall short of the task. He does not feel bad when people fail to recognize him” (15.18). A gentlemen is different because he does not care about personal gains; his integrity is more important. He never stated whether humans were born evil or good, he did however say that humanity shared the same qualities. They all have the ability to be conditioned through studying and practicing. During the warring states period, Han Feizi (280–233 BC) and Shang Yang (390–338 BC) wanted people to follow a philosophy that could strengthen the government and to create laws that are firmer. Legalism may have originated from Xunzi (312–230 BC), a student of Confucius. He believed that all men were born evil and their natural self-interest dominates them the moment they are born, the desire...
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