Confucian temples in Japan
Confucian temples in Japan aren't numerous, all of them are connected with a cult of the great Chinese thinker Confucius (Kun-tszy) who was living in 551 – 479 BC. After his death in Qufu (Цюйфу) near his grave was built the first temple in his memory, which became pilgrimage place and Chinese shrine. In the VI century according to Emperor order in honor of Confucius in every city of the country were built temples, where are done ritual and sacrifice. With the spread of Confucian in honor of Confucius in other countries were built temples, including Japan, where they are called cosine-be (kōshi-byō). Often there have Confucian schools. Confucianism doesn’t have special clergy or monasticism institution, although there are Confucian hermits scribes. In spring are celebrated a feast of All Souls, when visiting the ancestors graves necessarily. In the first place in Japan Confucius is revered as a very intelligent man, he is considered the learning patron, and therefore before the examinations in the Confucian temple is very crowded. Young people are asked Confucius to help passing exams In addition to the Confucius cult are emerged a number of interrelated cults - the cult of classical Confucian writings, writing, literacy and education, the cult of academic officials, and the cult of the ancestors.
Mausoleum Confucius Kosi-be
Mausoleum Confucius Kosi-be (Koshi-byo) was built in Nagasaki in honor of Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 - 479 BC). The territory where situated Kosi-be, belongs to China and controlled by the Chinese Embassy in Tokyo. The temple was built by the Chinese community of Nagasaki in 1893 with the support of the Qing Dynasty government. This is the only Confucian temple which was built outside of China with Chinese materials. Confucius Chapel is a picturesque temple with red-and-yellow color scheme; it is a synthesis of Southern and Northern China architectural styles. The temple territory is surrounded by a...
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