AP World Religions Project

Topics: Buddhism, Confucianism, Confucius Pages: 21 (1421 words) Published: December 3, 2014
AP World Religions Project

Taoism (Daoism)
Confucianism
Buddhism
Hinduism
Judaism
Christianity
Greco-Roman (Greek
Philosophers, Stoicism,
Epicureanism, etc.)
Islam

Kelly Jahnigen
September 11,2014
1B

• Taoism
(Daoism)
Founder: Lao-tzu
Deities’ names: Many gods
Location of origin: China
Major locations today: Baxian Gong, Baiyun guan, etc.
Number of followers: about 20 million Taoists worldwide
How/why did the religion spread: Daoism as a religion didn’t flourish until Zhang Daoling founded a sect of Daoism known as the Way of the Celestial Matters.
Holy books: Tao Te Ching

Role of men & women: Gender equality in Taoism
Holy sites: Some temples consist of Huashan, Longmen Dong, etc. Holidays: The lantern festival (first full moon of the year) End times story: Revert back to state of non-being
Purpose of life: Inner harmony and peace; longevity

Taoism
• How/why did the religion spread:
Daoism as a religion didn’t flourish until Zhang Daoling founded a sect of Daoism known as the Way of the Celestial Matters.

Holy books: Tao Te Ching
Role of men & women:

Gender equality in

Taoism

Holy sites:

Some temples consist of Huashan, Longmen

Dong, etc.

Holidays: The lantern festival (first full moon of the year) End times story: Revert back to state of non-being
Purpose of life: Inner harmony and peace; longevity

Confucianism
Founder: The founder of Confucianism was Kong Qiu
Deities’ names: None/various gods & ancestors
Location of origin: China
Major locations today: There are many Confucian temples still standing today, such as the Yunnan Province .
Holy books: Analects (Lunyu), The five classics (Wujing), the Four Books (Sishu) Role of men & women: Confucianism is male centered, Sons were preferred to daughters, daughters were sold, etc.
Holidays: September 28, Confucius’s birthday, Easter Monday, Ching Ming festival
End times story: Confucianism does not have an afterlife. They focus on life on Earth.
Purpose of life: The goal of life is to live a good moral life.

•Confucianism
How/why did the religion spread: Confucianism spread because Confucius went place to place spreading his ideas through out China, South Asia, and East Asia.
Number of followers: There is about 350 million Confucianism followers worldwide.
Holy sites: The temples of Confucius in Beijing, Nanjing, and Shanghai. Holy books: Analects (Lunyu), The five classics (Wujing), the Four Books (Sishu)

Important commands/laws:
Confucian ethical teachings include the following values:
1. Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc.
2. Hsiao: love within the family: love of parents for their children and of children for their parents
3. Yi: righteousness
4. Xin: honesty and trustworthiness
5. Jen: benevolence, humaneness towards others; the highest Confucian virtue 6. Chung: loyalty to the state, etc.

Buddhism





Founder: Siddhartha Gauthama
Deities’ names: The Five Dhyani Buddhas:
The white father Vairocana transforms anger
The blue father Aksobhya transforms
ignorance and stupidity
• The yellow father Ratnasambhava transforms
pride
• The red father Amitabha transforms passion
• The green father Amoghasiddhi transforms
jealousy
Location of origin: Northeastern India
Major locations today: China, Japan, Korea,
Southeast Asia

Buddhism

Number of followers: About 488 million Buddhists
worldwide
How/why did the religion spread: Buddhism
spread from the Indian subcontinent by sea to
Southeast Asia and from Southeast Asia north to the
east coast of China, and by land from India through
Central Asia to East Asia over the famed Silk Route.
Holy books: Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous
Mahayana sutras
Role of men & women: Mostly gender equality,
women can reach nirvana.

Buddhism
• Holy sites:

Bodh Gaya is the place where Buddha attained
unsurpassed, supreme enlightenment.

Holidays:

Vary by region, but often include Buddha's birthday,...

Cited: 15 Sept. 2014.
Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • World Religions Essay
  • world religion Essay
  • world religions Essay
  • World Religions Essay
  • Essay about ap world
  • AP World Essay
  • World Religions Project Compare Contras Essay
  • World Religions Final Project Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free