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Topics: Song Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Chinese philosophy Pages: 3 (866 words) Published: November 6, 2014
Chapter 12 Notes

Rebuilding the Imperial Edifice in the Sui-Tang Era: In 580 the Sui dynasty rose to power and it meant return to strong dynastic control, and the Wendi secured power and won support by lowering taxes and establishing granaries.

Sui Excesses and Collapse: Son Yangdi murdered his father, to reach the throne, but extended his father's conquests, drove back nomads, and established a legal code that was less intense, but programs hurt aristocratic families and nomadic leaders, and expenses for luxury caused their downfall.

The Emergence of the Tang and the Restoration of the Empire: Li Yuan took over, and the former nomadic leaders were forced to obey, he created frontier armies, and laid down the basis for the gold age; and Korea was soon overrun by China’s armies.

Rebuilding the World’s Largest and Most Persuasive Bureaucracy: Expansion of imperial bureaucracy was crucial to China’s survival, they needed loyal and educated officials, and the that offset the power of aristocracy, created ministries, and gave power to ruling families and bureaucrats.

Institutionalizing Meritocracy: The Growing Importance of the Examination System: There were way more bureaucratic than the Han, and the Ministry of Rites issued several different kinds of examinations, where the highest offices could be only gained by those who passed exams on classics at the highest level, received the title jinshi, and they received a higher social status.

State and Religion in the Tang and Song Eras: The State supported confucian ideas which threatened Buddhist orders and aristocratic families, the Zen stressed meditation and appreciation for natural beauty, and Empress Wu tried to make Buddhism a state religion.

The Anti-Buddhist Backlash: The Daoists competed with Buddhism by stresssing their own magical powers, and created an economic challenge for Buddhists because they did not tax, Emperor Wuzong destroyed thousands of Buddhist shrines, but Buddhism...
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